Near the entry of "Cavern Club" n.10 of Mathew Street,
in the centre of Liverpool, until some years ago, an anonymous bill inform:
"This is where the Beatles started".
The "Cavern Club" started the activity the 16th January
1957, thanks to its owner Alan Sytner.
At the beginning play just Jazz music. Before starts
Merseysippi Jazz Band to give possibilities at many members, especially
Later, was accepted the Skiffle, far relative of the Jazz.
The early to play were the Quarry Men of John Wiston Lennon
the 7th August in the same year - to surprise - two numbers Rock of anthology:
"Blue Suede Shoe" and "Hound Dog". This transgression caused indignation
in Alan Sytner who give a message where was write: "Cut out the bloody
Some months later has been the Rory Storm & the Hurricanes
group to finish to ban the Rock with the dangerous piece "Whole Lotta Shakin".
These are the debuts at "Cavern Club" of some many locals
groups, who in a short period the particolary sound of Merseybeat was well-known
all over the world:
Cass & the Cassanovas and the Rory Storm & the
Hurricanes (25 May 1960), The Remo Four (21 March 1961), the Beatles (21
February 1961), Gerry & the Pacemakers (25 luglio 1961), the Searchers
(23 December 1961), the Merseybeats (1 August 1962), Freddie & Dreamers
(9 settembre 1962), the Hollies (3 February 1963)...
So Paul McCartney described the situation which was at
the internal of the local:
"The Cavern was great. Every gig was more like a private
party then a public performance.
We knew most of the audience by first name, it was a
very personal atmosphere rather than singing and playin to an impersonal
Infact the familiarity between the regular customers on
the stand and in the midst of spectators was principal characteristic.
Every time which was playing was "Like a live DJ show".
The pieces were introduced with the dedications: "This
one's for Bernie and Pauline who are standing at the bar. Hope you're enjoying
There was another atmosphere which can breathe: the dampness.
Didn't exist windows and this prevented the change of
the air, and during the show it did always sultry, especially in the summer.
The scarcity of hygienic services together at the odour
of disinfectant caused a bad smell.
During the winter, it need keep the coat.
In a small food-bar near the stand, in a space separated
of the principal room from a big wall of arches, were served bottles of
coca, tea, coffee and hot dogs.
"The best of cellars"....here is what was the "Cavern"
full of young during the shows, in the morning, afternoon and sometimes
On the small stand the famouses musical groups of the
merseyside of fabulous years 60' .