By Dominic Turner
& Salvatore Libertino
Sincere Thanks to Jim Paterson)
Of all the groups
that contributed to Merseyside's music scene at the beginning of the '60s
- and there really were thousands of them - there can be no denying that
the Big Three stood out, both in terms of their sense of innovation and
the strong personality of the individual members.
The band was immediately distinguishable
from the rest of the bunch because, as the name suggests, there were only
three members. Not that this ever constituted a problem in terms of sheer
impact or musical ability; indeed, along with the Beatles, the Big Three
featured regularly at the top of the hit parades of "Mersey Beat", the
newspaper that acted as the guiding light for the entire Merseyside entertainment
Likewise, the sheer energy that they
unleashed during live performances was quite unique and had a devastating
effect on their fans. Furthermore, the Big Three were not without that
necessary dose of craziness that was also an important weapon for some
of the members of rival groups.
The eccentric behaviour of guitarist
Adrian Barber was every bit as legendary as that of John Lennon of the
Beatles. It was almost as though they were competing to see who could come
up with the strangest exploit. If John strolled about naked on stage with
a toilet seat strapped around his neck, Adrian would walk down the street
dragging a hairbrush on a lead!
Yet the early part of the group's history
is not particularly worthy of note. It was guitarist Brian Casser who first
had the idea of forming a band in 1959. Using the name Cass & the Casanovas,
they began to play at various clubs and pubs in Liverpool, serving up anything
from Latin American music to traditional rock & roll. In addition to
Casser, the other members were bassist Johnny Gustafson, drummer Johnny
Hutchinson, and guitarist Adrian Barber.
In 1961, the Big Three underwent their
first real change in line-up, with the departure of Casser. The remaining
members stayed together as a trio, placing the emphasis on their aggressive
stage act and scorching rock & roll/R&B repertoire. The legendary
Cavern Club soon became the band's favourite battleground; they even took
the club's cloakroom attendant, Priscilla White (better known as Cilla
Black), under their protective wing for her first live performance.
Like many of their contemporaries, the
Big Three soon embarked on the first of several brief trips to Hamburg.
This strategy continued until Adrian Barber decided not to return to Liverpool,
preferring to remain in Hamburg as manager of the Star Club.
And so it was that, in July 1962, Brian
Griffiths joined the Big Three as replacement for Adrian. Griffiths was
fresh from a term in one of the most glorious and legendary Merseybeat
combos, Derry & The Seniors, who debuted in 1959 and went on to become
Howie Casey & The Seniors. Blessed with great charisma, they have a
place in history as the first group from Liverpool to make a record (released
on the Fontana label). They broke up in June 1962. Griffiths, a guitarist
of enormous talent, therefore joined the Big Three having already picked
up useful experience in Hamburg with musicians of the calibre of bassists
Frank Bowen and Lu Walters, saxophonist Howie Casey and drummer Frank Wibberly.
This event also signalled the beginning
of the period of greatest notoriety for the Big Three. Adored by their
fans, who followed the band everywhere in ever-increasing numbers, they
took the Liverpool scene by storm, generating a hurricane of musical energy
at every gig. Tours, records, TV...and a lot of success.
We had the good fortune to establish
contact with Brian who, after plying his trade in several other bands with
Johnny Gustafson, decided to "throw it all in" for a new life in Canada.
We even had the opportunity to ask him a few questions about his musical
recollections of that extremely pulsating era.
So here's the interview:
you able to look back with nostalgia at the Merseybeat era, or do you feel
a sense of bitterness that you might have been more successful, especially
given that many people at the time reckoned that the Big Three were technically
the best band on Merseyside bar none?
BRIAN: I was in the right
place at the right time, but it wasnít all fun and games. Itís nice to
remember the good times and it was a privilege to play with Johnny Hutch
and Johnny Gus, who in my opinion were the best rock bass player and drummer
in Liverpool from that era. As for being more successful at that time?
We had the opportunities but not the maturity to take advantage of what
was happening to us. Cíest la vie!
did you get on with the Beatles as individuals? Did you know them on a
personal level before they went out to Hamburg?
BRIAN: The Beatles were
just guys from Liverpool like ourselves, who loved playing rock "n" roll.
We shared ideas, traded guitar licks, drank beer together, and played lots
of gigs with them. I started playing the same clubs as them in Hamburg
(Kaiserkeller) when I was with Howie Casey and the Seniors in 1960.
die-hard Beatles fanatics admit that the Fab Four had their fair share
of lucky breaks which helped them to get ahead of the pack.When did you
first sense that they were going to be world-famous?
BRIAN: They always worked
very hard at what they did, and they had the sound and talent as a group.
I always thought it could have turned out differently if they hadnít been
managed by Brian Epstein. I remember we did a TV. show with them (Thank
Your Lucky Stars)and there were hundreds of fans outside the studio going
crazy for them. It was at that time Epstein had said "these guys are going
to be bigger than Presley". With the absurdity of that statement I remember
thinking this guy could be right and as they say the rest is history.
lot has been said about the Hamburg period: the wild audiences, the gruelling
sets that the bands were expected to play, and so on.Was it really such
a shock to the system for young lads coming from Liverpool? Photos of the
Cavern Club would suggest that Liverpool venues were no place for the faint-hearted
BRIAN: Hamburg is a seaport
like Liverpool. Sure you played longer hours in the clubs in the St. Pauli
district, but I didnít see anything I hadnít already seen in the rougher
clubs and bars in Liverpool. Maybe someone from say Walton-on-the-Naze
who visited Hamburg may have had a different opinion!
always found it curious that British bands, and especially bands from Merseyside,
were so well-received in Germany. After all, little more than a decade
earlier, RAF bombers had razed numerous German cities to the ground. Do
you recall being surprised at the time? Did you ever experience any trouble?
BRIAN: Did you ever experience
any trouble? In the war both Liverpool and Hamburg were bombed and I think
we shared a lot of common respect for each other. Hamburg was a prosperous
seaport and they were very proud of how the city had been rebuilt. Trouble?
The only trouble was over girls! That can happen anywhere, even Walton-on-the-Naze.
a tragic shame that so little Big Three material was ever recorded. Johnny
Gustafson has gone on record as saying that you all hated the more commercial
songs that you were forced to do (such as "By The Way" and "Iím With You")
and that you really wanted to be a tough R&B/rock & roll combo.
Do you remember any of the other songs that you played live?
BRIAN: You have to remember
we were signed by Decca, who had not long before turned down the Beatles.
They couldnít grasp the notion that many of the bands out of Liverpool
didnít want to sound like the British rock Ďní rollers of the 50ís. We
were playing songs by American R & B singers unknown to most people
in England. Being a Trio we played the music more aggressively and this
was not accepted in the studio. It wasnít long after, that bands like "The
Who" were allowed to record like this. Some of the songs we liked to play
live were Some Other Guy (toned down in the studio), Tricky Dicky, Ainít
That Just Like Me, Rockin Robin, Fortune Teller, Ya Ya, I know, What'd
I Say, A Little Bit Of Soap, and Angel Baby.
at least, the Big Three rivalled the Beatles in popularity. How did audiences
generally react to you?
BRIAN: We respected each
other as musicians and as a group, we could hold our own as far as playing
and getting the audience into a frenzy. I personally didnít get into comparing
our band to the Beatles or anyone else. When we were on stage I was engrossed
in the sound coming from Gus and Hutch and I just loved playing the music.
must have been an enormous amount of rivalry between groups on Merseyside.
Stories abound of bands "stealing" songs from rival bands, and so on. Is
that how you remember the Liverpool scene?
BRIAN: No, not at all! Who
cared if a band was playing one of your songs? We helped the Beatles with
the words to "Some other Guy" which they later played the first time they
appeared on Granada TV (I think it was "Scene at 6:30"). I remember that
they had helped us to learn "Mr. Moonlight" at one time. There was a band
called The Denisons and they would ask us if we minded them playing "our
material" because they liked it so much. The Hollies liked our band and
I think they heard us play "Ainít that just like me" and later recorded
the furious live activity both in Liverpool/UK and Hamburg/Germany, did
you get much time to rehearse? The Beatles were full of stories about frantically
learning songs in the loo between sets!
BRIAN: Very rarely did we
rehearse in Hamburg. I donít know about any other bands, most songs we
did were rehearsed in Liverpool or on the road touring in the U.K.
for a bit of scandal! Spencer Leighís book "Letís Go Down The Cavern",
generally regarded as the bible of Merseybeat, contains a photo of yourself,
Johnny Gustafson and Johnny Hutchinson (among others) at the Star Club,
with a couple of girls apparently called Big Bettina and Astrid. Do you
remember anything about them?
BRIAN: Big Bettina was a
barmaid at the Star Club (she had a terrible crush on John Lennon) and
Astrid was, I think, a barmaid in the pub where the picture was taken.
I think it was next door to the Star club downstairs in a cellar.
general standard of the bands on Merseyside in the early sixties seems
to have been very high. Which bands did you rate the most, and which of
the other groups were you most friendly with?
BRIAN: Kingsize Taylor and
the Dominoes, The Beatles (of course), Howie Casey and the Seniors, The
Roadrunners, Griff Parry Five, Faron's Flamingoes, the Fourmost, Remo Four,
and last but never least the Mojos.
you remember the circumstances which led to Johnny Hutchinson filling in
for the Beatles on a couple of occasions after Pete Best had been sacked?
BRIAN: We were playing a
few gigs with the Beatles (one was in Chester) and Pete Best didnít show
up after being given notice that Ringo was to join them (who can blame
him). So they asked Hutch to stand in (Heíd played with them before) but
he didnít really want to, because he liked Pete and thought it was a bad
deal he was given. I think Epstein persuaded him and he had to play the
sets with us and then with them. Iíll tell you another thing about those
sets, I thought they sounded different and more aggressive than they ever
sounded before. If only....thereís a thought to ponder on.
you have a good working relationship with Brian Epstein? Some of the anecdotes
in "Letís Go Down The Cavern" suggest that he didnít relish your rowdiness!
Thereís even a copy of a letter that he wrote to a club in Bootle, apologising
for your behaviour during another bandís performance.
BRIAN: Epstein was a good
guy, who saw something in the Liverpool scene in the early 60ís that maybe
no one else did. He knew that changes would have to be made with certain
personnel in the bands he was to manage. He tried to establish dress codes
and polite, non threatening behaviour when speaking in public or to the
press. We were a rowdy band on, and off stage, so at times these rules
were hard to comply with. We had run-ins with Epstein all the time, looking
back it was like we self destructed because people in the business were
always trying to change us. The Big Three was at itís best playing 2 oíclock
in the morning in sweat drenched clothes, with a case of beer at the side
of the stage, and Johnny Gus bellowing out "Good Golly Miss Molly". The
thought still sends shivers through me even today!
does you do for a living today?
BRIAN: I am semi-retired.
I teach music out of my studio at home in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. I have
students of all ages, the Styles ranging from classical, blues, rock, &
country. I spend as much time as possible hiking in the Canadian Rockies
with my wife Dorothy or visiting our family and grandchildren in California.
you still in contact with other musicians from the Merseybeat scene?
BRIAN: I have always kept
in touch with Johnny Gustafson over the years, and more recently with Nicky
Crouch from the Mojos. Through the Merseycats organization I have been
in contact with a number of other musicians such as Howie Casey, Paul Pilnick,
Paddy Chambers etc.
you hear the sad news that Brian O'Hara (vocalist of The Fourmost) had
committed suicide, and Colin Manley (guitarist of the Remo Four) had died
BRIAN: As well as the others
you have mentioned, the most recent passing was Johnny Guitar from Rory
Storm and the Hurricanes. It is very sad to hear of such things but it
makes me think of something John Lennon once said to me. I remember him
saying "wouldn't it be great to make a record" the rest is history as they
say, and I think that we were all so fortunate to be a part of it.
have you come across any contemporary groups who try to re-evoke the Merseybeat
sound? Thereís a great band from Edinburgh called the Kaisers (as in "Kaiserkeller"!)
who have already released 4 LPs, and go all out to reproduce the sound/look
of the time, complete with Vox/Selmer amps, three-buttoned suits and covers
of "Letís Stomp", "Some Other Guy" and even your own "Youíve Got To Keep
Her Under Hand"! Thereís also a Japanese band (?) called the Neatbeats
who are every bit as authentic.
BRIAN: No, I have lived
in Canada for 25 years now and I donít really know much about the bands
in Britain or anywhere else that are playing stuff from the 60ís. I do
however, keep up with the original members of bands who have re-formed
to play around the Liverpool area. Now if the Star club re-opened and they
wanted a band to play the 2 a.m. slot for a few weeks, who knows!
With Best Regards,
Brian (Griff) Griffiths, the Big Three